Abstract of a publication based on research funded in part by the Australian Flora Foundation
W. G. Allaway1 and A. E. Ashford2
1 School of Biological Sciences, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, and 2School of Biological Science, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Annals of Botany 77: 383-388, 1996
The fine lateral roots of Lysinema ciliatum R. Br., an epacrid from habitats subject to periodic drought in Western Australia, are hair roots resembling those of Ericaceae. The finest (ultimate) hair roots have a cortex consisting only of an endodermis and an exodermis. Both layers have Casparian strips on the radial walls. The exodermis develops to state III very close to the root tip, showing wall thickening and a suberized lamella encircling each cell. In many roots collected after tip-growth had ceased and the tip had fully differentiated this suberized exodermis completely encircled the apex. In older hair roots the epidermis collapses or is sloughed off leaving the suberized exodermis as the outermost layer. The very fine hair roots have a very small stele containing only one xylem tracheid, and phloem consisting of a single sieve element with companion cell. The very small diameter of the single tracheid indicates a high
resistance to water flow along the hair roots. This may tend to conserve soil moisture in the region of the hair roots, leading to improved survival and prolonged function of mycorrhizas in the field.